word problems can and should be done in students'
heads. However, in order for them to fully understand
what they are doing, and why, these are the steps to
take for full math problem solving comprehension.
1. Student should read the problem at least twice for full
2. Student should highlight or underline the important information.
3. Ask student, "What is being asked of you? What do you want to
know?" (That is the question at the end of the word
4. Ask student, "What operation needs to be performed? Look for key
words." (sum, difference, total, etc...)
5. Ask student, "What steps do you need to take in order to solve the
problem? List them."
6. Ask student to solve the problem.
At the end of
students are expected to write an
"Exemplar". An "Exemplar" is
written steps taken to explain how a story
problem is solved.
I read the problem.
I know that…(list important
I want to find out…(what question
are you trying to answer?)
I used was… (List your strategies- tally
marks, draw a picture, add, subtract,
I used this strategy because…
(explain why you used certain steps.)
My final answer is…(show your
number models and final answer.)
sense because…(explain how you checked
information on exemplars, click